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Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high.
1. What is Diabetes
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose blood sugar, either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the bodys cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty polydipsia and hungry polyphagia.
2. Who Gets Diabetes
In Canada, 1.8 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes, and up to another half million do not yet know they are living with type 2 diabetes. Among Aboriginal people, the rate is three times higher than for the general population. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in Canada. Eighty percent of people with diabetes will die from a heart attack or stroke. Diabetes is the leading of cause of kidney failure, blindness and limb amputation in Canada today. In the United States, more than 17 million people have diabetes and 200,000 people die prematurely from diabetes every year. Worldwide, there are more than 240 million people with diabetes. By 2016, more than 3 million Canadians will be living with diabetes, and there will be more than 300 million around the world.
3. Symptoms
Early symptoms of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, can be subtle or seemingly harmless if you have symptoms at all. Over time, however, you may develop diabetes complications, even if you havent had diabetes symptoms.
In the United States alone, nearly 7 million people have undiagnosed diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. But you dont need to become a statistic. Understanding possible diabetes symptoms can lead to early diagnosis and treatment and a lifetime of better health. If youre experiencing any of the following diabetes signs and symptoms, see your doctor.
People with type 2 diabetes often do not have any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they are often ignored because they may not seem serious. Symptoms in type 1 diabetes usually come on much more suddenly and are often severe.
Common symptoms of diabetes include
  • Excessive thirst and appetite
  • Increased urination sometimes as often as every hour
  • Unusual weight loss or gain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea, perhaps vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • In women, frequent vaginal infections
  • In men and women, yeast infections
  • Dry mouth
  • Slow healing sores or cuts
  • Itching skin, especially in the groin or vaginal area
  • 4. what are the symptoms of diabetes
    Frequent urination Have you been going to the bathroom to urinate more often recently? Do you notice that you spend most of the day going to the toilet? When there is too much glucose sugar in your blood you will urinate more often. If your insulin is ineffective, or not there at all, your kidneys cannot filter the glucose back into the blood. The kidneys will take water from your blood in order to dilute the glucose which in turn fills up your bladder. Disproportionate thirst If you are urinating more than usual, you will need to replace that lost liquid. You will be drinking more than usual. Have you been drinking more than usual lately? Intense hunger As the insulin in your blood is not working properly, or is not there at all, and your cells are not getting their energy, your body may react by trying to find more energy food. You will become hungry. Weight gain This might be the result of the above symptom intense hunger. Unusual weight loss This is more common among people with Diabetes Type 1. As your body is not making insulin it will seek out another energy source the cells arent getting glucose. Muscle tissue and fat will be broken down for energy. As Type 1 is of a more sudden onset and Type 2 is much more gradual, weight loss is more noticeable with Type 1. Increased fatigue If your insulin is not working properly, or is not there at all, glucose will not be entering your cells and providing them with energy. This will make you feel tired and listless. Irritability Irritability can be due to your lack of energy. Blurred vision This can be caused by tissue being pulled from your eye lenses. This affects your eyes ability to focus. With proper treatment this can be treated. There are severe cases where blindness or prolonged vision problems can occur. Cuts and bruises dont heal properly or quickly Do you find cuts and bruises take a much longer time than usual to heal? When there is more sugar glucose in your body, its ability to heal can be undermined. More skin and/or yeast infections When there is more sugar in your body, its ability to recover from infections is affected. Women with diabetes find it especially difficult to recover from bladder and vaginal infections. Itchy skin A feeling of itchiness on your skin is sometimes a symptom of diabetes.
    Gums are red and/or swollen Gums pull away from teeth If your gums are tender, red and/or swollen this could be a sign of diabetes. Your teeth could become loose as the gums pull away from them. Frequent gum disease/infection As well as the previous gum symptoms, you may experience more frequent gum disease and/or gum infections. Sexual dysfunction among men If you are over 50 and experience frequent or constant sexual dysfunction erectile dysfunction, it could be a symptom of diabetes.
    Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands If there is too much sugar in your body your nerves could become damaged, as could the tiny blood vessels that feed those nerves. You may experience tingling and/or numbness in your hands and feet.
    5. precautions
    Members of your diabetes care team doctor or primary care provider, diabetes nurse educator, and dietitian, for example can help you learn the basics of diabetes care and offer support along the way. But its up to you to manage your condition. Learn all you can about diabetes. Make healthy eating and physical activity part of your daily routine. Maintain a healthy weight. Monitor your blood sugar level, and follow your doctors instructions for managing your blood sugar level. Ask your diabetes treatment team for help when you need it.
    High blood sugar can weaken your immune system, which makes routine vaccines more important than ever. Ask your doctor about
  • Flu vaccine. A yearly flu vaccine can help you stay healthy during flu season as well as prevent serious complications from the flu.
  • Pneumonia vaccine. Sometimes the pneumonia vaccine requires only one shot. If you have diabetes complications or youre age 65 or older, you may need a five year booster shot.
  • Hepatitis B vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the hepatitis B vaccine for adults with diabetes who havent previously received the vaccine and are younger than 60. If youre age 60 or older and have never received the hepatitis B vaccine, talk to your doctor about whether its right for you.
  • Other vaccines. Stay up to date with your tetanus shot. Your doctor may recommend other vaccines as well.


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